Basic Reading Skills

In order to provide our favourite readers (YOU) with thorough knowledge that builds your reading personality and that of your children, loved ones and so on – we @thequotepeople present this month’s blog.

“Basic Reading Skills”

Basic reading skills are just that – they are the most plain and yet critical skills that one needs to successfully become an avid reader. While these skills are critical and learnt from the early ages of kindergarten, they are skills that can be improved upon through interaction with the materials available to you AT ANY AGE. Therefore, to improve your reading skills, you first need to identify what reading skills are to begin with, but, not to worry – we’ve got you covered! We have lined up these basic reading skills for your pleasure. Be sure to share them with someone.


Decoding defined as the “the process of translating print into speech by rapidly matching a letter or combination of letters (graphemes) to their sounds (phonemes) and recognizing the patterns that make syllables and words.

So, the first step in reading or even learning to read is being able to decode or sound out the words. As such, this allows for the realization that each letter of the alphabet is associated with a different kind of sound. Therefore, how does one decode? SOUND IT OUT.


Once decoding has been achieved, this means that you can identify different letters and associate them with different sounds. Therefore, good readers achieve this label by being able to recall words that they have seen before.
However, vocabulary is one of the easiest skills to improve simply by interacting with different materials – these can be novels, textbooks, articles, magazines and literally any form of print that has words! This is because different material uses different vocabulary; formal, informal, colloquial etc.



Fluency defined as “the ability to express oneself easily and articulately” is a great reading skill especially when it comes to public reading. Picture this:
You’re sitting in class and it is your turn to read a paragraph of the term’s novel. If you are not fluent in your speech then what does this mean for the rest of the class? Well, besides potentially embarrassing yourself, this means that the rest of the class will not be able to understand what you have read. They will not understand what the story is saying and, therefore, will be unable to indicate where it is likely to go. As such fluency is critical in achieving comprehension.



Comprehension defined simply as “the ability to understand something” is essentially the last part of the cycle. This involves the ability to make sense of these words into a cohesive grouping – the same way this makes sense, is the same way you make sense of Little Red Riding Hood. Additionally because comprehension revolves around the idea of understanding, it seeps from the other steps above in that you need to develop and improve each of the above in order to get to this stage. This is because without decoding, correct vocabulary and fluency – your message can easily be lost and misinterpreted. So be careful to work of these reading skills as they too serve well in speech.

Now that we know our reading skills, we are able to tackle reading in a state of awareness concerning what we are doing and when – for example breaking down words and letters in order to sound them out and make sense of them? YES, that is DECODING and just keep at it to improve your personality as #AnAvidReader. Join us, on our quest to #keepthereadingculturealive.

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